This is a piece I threw together for my Media program. It goes over some pretty basic stuff. Thanks for listening.
Basic Camera Operation
There are various different shot types used in Television and Film to create moods and give the viewer information.
The wide shot or establishing shot tells the audience where the scene is taking place, it gives the audience a sense of belonging. It is usually used at the beginning of a scene in order to show the location of the action.
The various different types of medium shots allow a director to introduce their audience to the characters or where the action is going to specifically take place. Medium shots are excellent for showing both facial expression and body language.
The close up, headshot or shoulder shot tightly frame a person or object. This allows for a much more intimate feel. When introducing a main character, a close up shot is typically used to indicate their importance. They are also the typical shot types used for news broadcast and interview shots. Close up shots can be scene as a double edged sword. They are essential in creating intimate programs but if they are overused they can leave a viewer feeling uncertain about what they’re seeing.
Rule of Thirds
The Rule of thirds or Golden Ratios is a set of guidelines for beginnings in order to try to bring more substance to their camera work. If you Imagine a Tic Tac Toe Grid, or X’s and O’s grid in your mind. The goal is to place important elements of the shot or photo along these lines or at their intersections. It is generally accepted that this will create a more poignant and dynamic effect in the piece rather than simply placing an object in the center to create symmetry.